Bacteria habitat the mouth in the form of plaque, this causes gingivitis and cavities, eventually it can lead to periodontal (gum) disease. In order to have a clean mouth, it is important to practice good oral hygiene on a daily basis.
What is Plaque?
A sticky layer of material that contains bacteria is called plaque; this accumulates in the teeth in areas that toothbrushes are unable to reach. A lot of foods that we eat cause the bacteria in the mouth to begin producing acid. Obviously food high in sugar content cause plaque, however there are also other food you may not even know can cause harm. Some of the foods that cause acids to form are starches, for examples cereal, crackers and bread.
Substances which irritate the gums are also produced by plaque this can cause the gums to be sensitive, become red and susceptible to bleeding. This can cause gum disease, this is when the gums retract from the teeth forming pockets that become filled with bacteria and pus. If left untreated, the bone surrounding the teeth can be completely destroyed and the teeth could become loose or worse require removal.
How Can I Get Rid of Plaque?
Brushing and cleaning between your teeth every day is the best way to remove plaque. The plaque is removed from the surface of the teeth with brushing. Use a soft bristled toothbrush and brush your teeth twice a day. The shape and the size of the toothbrush you use should properly fit your mouth allowing you to easily reach every area. Opt for a toothpaste contain fluoride, this is an antimicrobial and will help guard your teeth from decay. Once a day use floss or interdental cleaners to clean between the teeth and remove any plaque that the toothbrush has not been able to reach. In order to prevent gum disease, flossing is essential according to emergency dentist London
, Dr John Fagbemi.
How Should I Properly Brush and Floss My Teeth?
The following techniques are recommended by the American Dental Association for proper brushing and flossing of the teeth:
• The toothbrush should be placed against the gums at a 45 degree angle.
• The brush should then gently be moved from one side to the next in short strokes that are the width of the teeth.
• The outer tooth surfaces, the inner tooth surfaces, as well as the chewing surfaces of the teeth must be brushed.
• The tip of the brush can be used with a gentle up-and-down stroke, to clean the inside surfaces of your front teeth.
• To remove bacteria as well as freshen up the breath, brush your tongue.
• With a piece of floss that is about eighteen inches, wind it around each middle finger if your hands, the floss is the tightly held between your forefingers and thumbs.
• With the use of a gentle rubbing motion, guide the floss between your teeth.
• Once the floss has reached the gum line, against one tooth curve it in the shape of a C, slide it in the space between the tooth and the gum, and be very gentle.
• The floss can then be brought back to the contact point between your teeth and moved down or up the other side; the floss should be conformed to the tooth´s shape.
• With the floss held firmly against the tooth, rub the side of the tooth gently. Moving up and down, the floss should be moved away from the gum.
• This method should be repeated on the remaining teeth.
Are There Any Other Things That Can Be Used To Clean My Mouth?
In addition to brushing and flossing your teeth daily, a mouth rinse can increase the cleanliness level of your mouth. With the use of an antimicrobial mouth rinse, you can reduce the activity of bacteria and plaque which can cause gingivitis and gum disease. With a fluoride mouth rinse, you are also reducing and preventing any tooth decay.
If you’re interested in using any new product, you should always consult your dentist first. There are some people who should not use fluoride mouth rinse. For example, due to the fact that they might swallow the, fluoride rinses are not recommended for children of the ages of six or younger. Always read the manufacturer’s label for any age recommendations and precautions and discuss the use of fluoride mouthwash with your dentist.